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Canada

Geographic location

The geography of Canada is vast and diverse. Occupying most of the northern portion of North America (41% of the continent), Canada is the world's second largest country in total area after Russia.

Canada spans an immense territory between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north (hence the country's motto "From sea to sea"), with the United States to the south and northwest, and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Greenland is to the northeast. Off the southern coast of Newfoundland lies Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas collectivity of France. Canada is slightly less than three-fifths as large as Russia, nearly 1.2 times larger than Australia, slightly larger than Europe, and more than 40 times larger than the UK. In total area, Canada is slightly larger than both the U.S. and China; Click Here For Map

Province and Territories

The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces are jurisdictions that receive their power and authority directly from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territories derive their mandates and powers from the federal government.

Currently, the ten provinces are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan, while the three territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon. Click Here For Map

Time Zone

Canada uses six primary time zones. From east to west they are Newfoundland Time Zone, Atlantic Time Zone, Eastern Time, Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone, and the Pacific Time Zone.

In most of Canada Daylight Saving Time begins at 2:00 a.m. local time on the second Sunday in March. On the first Sunday in November areas on Daylight Saving Time return to Standard Time at 2:00 a.m. During Daylight Saving Time turn your clocks ahead one hour.

In Newfoundland and Labrador Daylight Saving Time begins one minute after midnight (12:01 a.m.) local time on the second Sunday in March. On the first Sunday in November areas on Daylight Saving Time return to Standard Time at one minute after midnight (12:01 a.m.) local time.

The names in each time zone change along with Daylight Saving Time. Eastern Standard Time (EST) becomes Eastern Daylight Time (EDT), and so forth. Some areas of Canada not using Daylight Saving Time include, Fort St. John, Charlie Lake, Taylor and Dawson Creek in British Columbia, Creston in the East Kootenays, and most of  Saskatchewan (except Denare Beach and Creighton).

Previously, Canada had observed Daylight Saving Time from the first Sunday in April until thelast Sunday in October. However, through legislation passed in 2006, Daylight Saving Time will begin three weeks earlier on the second Sunday in March and end on the first Sunday in November.
Live Time Canada

Population

Canada has the highest per capita immigration rate in the world, driven by economic policy and family reunification; Canada also accepts large number of refugees. In 2009, between 240,000 and 265,000 new migrants are expected to arrive in Canada. Canadian population has reached 31,592,805 people as on July 2008

History

In Canada, 'Indians' are known as 'Aboriginal People', 'Native People', or 'People of the First Nations'.

Current archaeological evidence indicates that Natives first arrived in North America 40,000 years BCE (Before the Common Era) by crossing a land bridge which had formed between Asia and Alaska during the latest Ice Age.

In 1535, two Indian Youths told Jacques Cartier about the route to "kanata." They were referring to the village of Stadacona; "kanata" was simply the Huron-Iroquois word for "village" or "settlement." But for want of another name, Cartier used "Canada" to refer not only to Stadacona (the site of present day Quebec City), but also to the entire area subject to its chief, Donnacona. The name was soon applied to a much larger area: maps in 1547 designated everything north of the St. Lawrence River as "Canada."

Cartier also called the St. Lawrence River the "rivière de Canada", a name used until the early 1600s. By 1616, although the entire region was known as New France, the area along the great river of Canada and the Gulf of St. Lawrence was still called Canada.

Soon explorers and fur traders opened up territory to the west and to the south and the area depicted as "Canada" grew. In the early 1700s, the name referred to all lands in what is now the American Midwest and as far south as the present day Louisiana.

The first use of "Canada" as an official name came in 1791 when the Province of Quebec was divided into the colonies of Upper and Lower Canada. In 1841, the two Canada’s were again united under one name, the Province of Canada. At the time of Confederation, the new country assumed the name of Canada.

NEWS

Media, entertainment and artistic endeavours are well developed in Canada. Canada's highly sophisticated broadcasting system includes more than 1,000 AM and FM radio stations and some 719 television stations to serve, entertain and educate the listening and viewing audience.

The most authoritative news in Canada featuring articles from The Globe and Mail, breaking news coverage, national news, international news, sports, weather, Report on Business.
Live News Canada.

Sports

The sporting culture of Canada is different from that of many other countries. Compared to any other nation, Canadians prefer a unique set of sports that are all home grown — namely football, basketball, baseball, and ice hockey. In Canada, football means Canadian football or what is sometimes called gridiron around the world.

Other popular team sports include curling, street hockey, cricket, rugby, Association football and softball. Cricket is the fastest growing sport in Canada currently. Popular individual sports include auto racing, boxing, cycling, golf, hiking, horse racing, ice skating, rodeo, skateboarding, skiing, snowboarding, swimming, tennis, triathlon, track and field, water sports, and wrestling. As a country with a generally cool climate, Canada has enjoyed greater success at the Winter Olympics than at the Summer Olympics, although significant regional variations in climate allow for a wide variety of both team and individual sports. Major upcoming multi-sport events in Canada include the 2010 Winter Olympics. Sports News

Language

A multitude of languages are spoken in Canada. According to the 2006 census, English and French are the preferred language of 67.1% and 21.5%, respectively. English and French are recognized by the Constitution of Canada as "official languages," which means that all laws of the federal government are enacted in both English and French and that federal government services are required to be available in both languages.

The five most widely-spoken non-official languages are Chinese (the home language of 2.6% of Canadians), Punjabi (0.9%), Spanish (0.7%), Italian (0.6%), and Dutch (0.6%). Aboriginal languages, many of which are unique to Canada, are spoken by less than one percent of the population, and are mostly in decline.

Culture

Culture is the soul of the people. It varies from area to area in a country as big as Canada but through a national review of themselves, Canadians develop a recognition of symbols, likes, dislikes, events, traditions and just living life everyday, which come to strike a common chord among most. This might be the music, the art, TV shows that are uniquely Canadian, ways of doing business, dealing with tough weather or a simple preference for certain types of food. These things and more all make up the culture of a country

Landmark

Canada is one of the top ten destinations favoured by international travellers - with cities like Vancouver, Toronto, Edmonton, Calgary, Montreal and Halifax it is easy to see why. Desired mainly for the breathtaking scenery and the famous hospitality of Canadians, Canada has more to offer than you would imagine.

Canada's best known tourist attractions: CN Tower -- Canada Olympic Park -- West Edmonton Mall -- Vancouver Aquarium -- Montréal Olympic Stadium -- Skylon Tower -- Pier 21 -- H.R. MacMillan Space Centre. 

Click for images

Natural resources

Canada's abundance of natural resources is reflected in their continued importance in the economy of Canada. Major resource-based industries are fisheries, forestry, agriculture, petroleum products and mining.

 

Notice Board

Scholarships for the Year 2010

Australia:

James Cook University - Brisbane campus

1,  2000/- AUD Tuition fee bursary* for Diploma of Business - 8 subjects

2.  1000/- AUD Bursary for every single subject with an overall grade of 85% and above

* Bursaries are subject to conditions by JCU Brisbane

Deakin University

Successful students will have their tuition fees reduced by:

- 2000/- AUD for any course on offer at the Burwood Campus

- 5000/- AUD for any course on offer at the Geelong Campus

- 8000/- AUD for any course on offer at the Warrnambool Campus

Bursaries are available subject to quotas for enrolment in the Under Graduate and Post Graduate coursework programs.

New Zealand:

Cornell Institute of Business and Technology:

This scholarship was established by Cornell Institute of Business & Technology - as the CIBT Scholarship. 

The scholarship shall be $1,000 tenable for one year. 

The scholarship shall be awarded annually to a student enrolled for either Business studies or Information Technology. 

Applications close on 31 December.

UK

There are many sources of funding available to you for studying in the UK – particularly if you are a postgraduate student. The British government and other UK organizations offer a range of international student scholarships and awards.

British Chevening Scholarships

The British Chevening Scholarship scheme aims to bring future leaders, decision-makers and opinion-formers to the UK for a period of postgraduate study. Chevening awards are given annually to students from a wide variety of countries. They cover all or part of the cost of a one-year postgraduate course in the UK. Once you have completed the course, you will be expected to return to your home country.

 

Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan (CSFP)

The CSFP is aimed at Commonwealth citizens who can make a significant contribution to their home country after studying in the UK. If you are from a developing country in the Commonwealth, your chosen area of work is expected to contribute directly to development objectives

CSFP Scholarships are usually for between one and three years. They cover the cost of travel to and from the UK, tuition fees and living expenses. In some cases an allowance is paid to help with the cost of maintaining your spouse and family in the UK.

Royal Society Fellowships


The Royal Society offers incoming fellowships for researchers from North America and Asia. The aim is to attract outstanding postdoctoral scientists to undertake high-quality research at a UK laboratory.

The research undertaken must relate to a subject within the natural sciences. Awards are not granted in the areas of the social sciences or clinical medical research.

Scotland's Saltire Scholarships

Under Scotland’s Saltire Scholarships scheme, 200 awards are available to postgraduate master’s students from Canada, China, India and the USA. This is part of the Scottish government's continuing support for the 'brightest and best' students to come and study in Scotland.

 

Canada:


The Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship Program is facilitated through student exchange agreements between Canadian and regional institutions. These student exchange agreements are created between universities for graduate students. Scholarship recipients remain registered as full time students in their home institution during this exchange.

 

Graduate Students Exchanges (GSEP) are hosted by Canadian institutions for a period of five or six months and provide up to $10,000 to cover transportation, living and other related expenses during the students’ stay in Canada.

 

The Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships (CGS) program is administered by Canada’s three research granting councils (the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council).

The Vanier CGS program aims to attract and retain world-class doctoral students by supporting students who demonstrate a high standard of scholarly achievement in graduate studies in the social sciences and humanities, natural sciences and engineering, and health; as well as leadership skills. Both Canadian and international students are eligible to be nominated for a Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship.

A Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship is valued at $50,000 per year, for up to three years.

 

The Pearson Fellowship is a senior fellowship awarded to individuals who have an outstanding record of national and/or international public service.

The Pearson Fellowship is intended to enable outstanding thinkers and practitioners to take the time to reflect and write on contemporary international affairs and the theory and practice of international development. Public education is an important feature of the Pearson Fellow's work.

 

The Visiting Fellowships in Canadian Government Laboratories (VF) Program provides promising emerging scientists and engineers with the opportunity to work with research groups or leaders in Canadian government laboratories and research institutions. Fellowships are awarded for one year with the possibility of renewal for a second and third year, at the discretion of the government department concerned.

Singapore

The SIA Youth Scholarships is offered by Singapore Airlines to outstanding students (completing Standard 10 in the year of application) in India for entry at Pre-University 1 in junior colleges in Singapore. The SIA Youth Scholarships provide the opportunity to study in Singapore which offers high education standards, strong research and collaborative programs with the world’s best universities. Singapore schools also provide an exciting cultural and intellectual meeting place for international students.